On January 28 a march that is spectacular invest Kyiv: teenagers using camouflage uniforms and balaclavas wandered through the main roads. As soon as the march ended about 600 users of the NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” (National Militia devices) launched because of the veterans associated with Azov regiment had been sworn in. Numerous discovered this scene much like marches of paramilitary devices. It arrived as being a fantasy image when it comes to Russian propaganda and for people western media that start thinking about you will find dangers associated with the nationalistic retaliation in Ukraine. It raised range questions.
Just exactly exactly How could be the Natsionalni Druzhyny for this Azov battalion?
The Natsionalni Druzhyny is a task for the alleged Azov-related group connected to your Azov regiment of this National Guard. Azov regiment ended up being founded in line with the volunteer battalion Azov that were involved in the combat actions in eastern Ukraine since 2014. In 2017, the regiment’s veterans established the party that is political Corps” (Natsionalnyi Korpus) chaired by MP Andriy Biletskyi. Early in the day they founded a few non-government businesses including “Civic Corps” (Tsyvilnyi Korpus) and “Defense and Reconstruction regarding the Country” (Zakhyst i rekonstruktsia krayiny, abbreviated ZiRKa). Official founders regarding the NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” registered in Kyiv are three veterans of this Azov regiment: Ihor Kashka, Artem Klimkin, and Maksym Klymka. Another Azov veteran Ihor Bober is detailed since the organization’s head, the regiment’s veteran commander Ihor Mykhailenko could be the commander.
Far-right? Nationalists? Fascists?
For four years in a line “National Corps” users, along with Azov regiment combatants, are labeled supporters regarding the ideology that is neo-Nazi additionally numerous point at them for using the runic symbols just like the symbols employed by the Nazi. To begin with, the Azov regiment had been started by people in the far-right company “Patriot of Ukraine” (Patriot Ukrainy) and football ultras, whom usually try not to conceal their far-right views. Based on Ihor Mykhailenko, chief for the Natsionalni Druzhyny, numerous people in the militia units are supporters regarding the “modern nationalism” ideology that has reached the cornerstone associated with the “National Corps” party.
De jure: an NGO or even a product set to keep general public purchase?
The units operate under the NGO status while in other cities, for example, in Lutsk or Cherkasy – as a civic unit set to maintain public order as explained by Ihor Bober, head of The Natsionalni Druzhyny, in Kyiv. “We are trying to have the papers for Kyiv re-registered, ” he explained.
Will they be patrolling the roads for the money?
Mind associated with the division for connection using the police force and security that is municipal of Kyiv City State Administration Oleh Kuyavskyi stated that the town authorities hadn’t gotten any particular documents through the Natsionalni Druzhyny. Mind regarding the Kyiv patrol authorities division Yuriy Zozulia stated that Kyiv policemen aren’t jointly patrolling the streets with any group that is civic. “My place is: should you want to protect the order that is public go provide utilizing the police, ” the authorities chief stated. “We met with them to understand that they’re interested rather in distributing the information and knowledge about on their own compared to patrolling the roads as well as policemen, ” Zozulia stated.
How a Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed?
This real question is of concern to a lot of whom view the whole tale unfolding, and also the issues aren’t groundless. Hromadske broadcast counted that to be able to procure the coats for starters thousand individuals across Ukraine one would require over UAH 1,7 million (approx. EUR 50 thousand). Costs have a great deal larger in the event that price of fleece caps normally counted. People in The Natsionalni Druzhyny reassure that the corporation exists as a result of the membership contributions. Giving an answer to the journalists’ concerns Ihor Mykhailenko stated: “There is no fixed amount for a contribution. Everybody brings just as much as they desire. ” However, previous Roman Chernyshov, representative regarding the governmental celebration “National Corps” that truly organized the ceremony where 600 militia product people had been sworn in on January 28, told Hromadske broadcast in a comment that The Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed by Ukrainian organizations without naming specific businesses or business owners. In the exact same time, leaders of this Natsionalni Druzhyny state it is really not real. “I guess it really is not likely which he may have said that The Natsionalni Druzhyny will be financed by representatives regarding the company. It’s not true, ” the commander associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny stated.
Would be the Natsionalni Druzhyny “the army” regarding the Interior serbian mail order bride Minister Arsen Avakov?
There was a extensive viewpoint that The Natsionalni Druzhyny can be a “private military” associated with the Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov. At exactly the same time, both Avakov and also the devices’ representatives disprove it publicly. “There is only 1 monopoly on enforcing regulations – it is the National Guard, the National Police as well as the Ukrainian Armed Forces. All other paramilitary teams attempting to establish by themselves into the roads aren’t appropriate, ” Avakov stated. “As the minister, i am going to maybe not enable any structures that are parallel establish by themselves within the roads as alternate armed forces groups, ” the Minister included. “Neither Avakov, nor Poroshenko or just about any other agency has any authority that is moral us. These are the authorities that missed down their opportunity, ” said Ihor Mykhailenko, mind of this Natsionalni Druzhyny.
Does the setup associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny violate what the law states?
The Law “On participation of citizens in securing public purchase and their state edge” repeatedly quoted by the leaders regarding the Natsionalni Druzhyny foresees the alternative to interact representatives of civic teams in patrolling associated with streets but solely jointly because of the nationwide authorities staff. Representatives associated with Natsionalni Druzhyny really interpret the provisions associated with legislation quite freely. Thus, in the press-conference of January 31 in Kyiv Ihor Mykhailenko failed to reject the reality that you will find minors among the list of organization’s users. “These are 17-year old dudes whom already graduated from college. We don’t see anything incorrect with it, ” he said. Regulations presently stipulates that only people of age could be members of such groups that are civic. Regulations additionally forbids the usage cool tools or firearms because of the civic team people. But, the applying form towards the Natsionalni Druzhyny asks in the event that applicant is with in control of subscribed weapons.
An effective PR move for a party that is political?
Ministry of Interior representative Artem Shevchenko claims that the look of The Natsionalni Druzhyny is just a “quite successful PR move ahead their part, a trick that is staged nothing but that. ”
He included that he’s unsure whether or not the Natsionalni Druzhyny is registered as an organization that will protect order that is public conformity because of the law. “It may be the journalists’ task to learn they pretend to be or they are just bluffing by shooting beautiful videos and thus making themselves being mentioned on the main TV channels without actually paying for the advertising if they are what. Any NGO that is legitimately registered and it is registered utilizing the local workplaces associated with the Ministry of Justice as a group that is civic the safeguarding for the general general public purchase or even their state edge, can in fact be doing it. ”